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 Empower a Girl Child starting Rs. 400

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Background

When girls are educated, health and hygiene in homes is automatically ensured

Issues of Girl Children

The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs named India as the most dangerous place in the world for a girl child in 2012. The female infant mortality rate in India is 97 for every 100 male infant deaths as compared to 122 male infant deaths for every 100 female infant deaths in the developing world as a whole. An Indian girl child aged 1-5 years is 75% more likely to die than an Indian boy, making this the worst gender differential in child mortality for any country in the world.

In India amidst the uproar for gender sensitization and gender equality, the never ending pathos of girl child is still very much a deep concern. Their plight could be traced through various manifestations like the declining sex-ratio, social stigma, child marriage and child labor. The preference for male child is amongst the many disillusioned factors that is commonly prevalent amongst the poor, uneducated people from rural areas, which discourage families to have girl children. Male child are seen as bread winners or carrier of generations, whereas women are seen as vulnerable and a cost, emotional and pecuniary both to the families.

There is no direct remedy to a generation long discriminatory mind set. A long and sustained crusade against discrimination and simultaneous upliftment of the girl child through education, access to healthcare facilities, awareness and better opportunities for better living is the need of the hour.

State Of Girl Child In India

  • Child Sex Ratio (no. of females per 1000 males in the age group of 0 6 yrs) : 914
  • More than 50% of girls fail to enroll in school; those that do are likely to drop out by the age of 12.
  • Dropout rates increase alarmingly in class III to V, its 58% for girls.
  • 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are illiterate.
  • Amongst married women in India today, 75% were under age at the time of their marriages
  • Average enrolment rate of girls aged 14-18 is only 36.77%.
  • 61.5% of girls drop out of school before completing class XII.
  • India accounts for the termination of some 1 crore female fetuses over the past 20 years.
  • Of the 12 million girls born in India, 3 million do not see their 15th birthday and 1 million do not see their 1st birthday.
  • Every sixth girl child's death is due to gender discrimination.
  • 1 out of 4 girls is sexually abused before the age of 4.
  • Female mortality exceeds male mortality in 224 out of 402 districts in India.
  • More than 100 million girl children between the ages of 5 and 17 are engaged in child labour
  • Death rate among girls below the age of 4 years is higher than that of boys. Even if she escapes infanticide or foeticide, a girl child is less likely to receive immunization, nutrition or medical treatment compared to a male child.
  • There are approximately 2 million child commercial sex workers between the age of 5 and 15 years and about 3.3 million between 15 and 18 years; forming 40% of the total population of commercial sex workers in India; 71% of them are illiterate; 500,000 children are forced into this trade every year.
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